Beverage and food packaging materials are the industries that waste the most energy and resources. The annual production demand for packaging materials is as high as 67 million tons, which not only consumes energy resources but most poses a serious threat to the ecological environment. In order to better protect the environment, therefore, biodegradable packaging came into being.

Degradable plastic refers to plastics with a certain of additives (such as starch, modified starch or other cellulose, photosensitizers, degradants, etc.), which have lower stability and are more easily degraded in the natural environment. Its application can effectively alleviate ecological and environmental problems and reduce the waste of resources.

After this article gives an overview of the biodegradable packaging market, it mainly explains the types of degradable packaging materials and summarizes the factors driving this market development, and then describes the current market size and forecasts of the market’s future. Finally, it points out various challenges encountered by the degradable packaging industry in the development process.

Biodegradable Packaging

Market review of biodegradable packaging

Companies around the world are adopting sustainable packaging solutions, including the use of biodegradable and recyclable paper. According to statistics, paper packaging solutions will dominate the market in 2021, so the use of paper in packaging materials will increase. Many companies that provide paper packaging solutions focus on biodegradable products to attract consumers. Industry leaders are working to provide complete biodegradable packaging solutions to gain an expanding market.

eco-friendly void fill packaging

Compared to end-user consumers, the demand for these packaging solutions is considered high in the industry because it eliminates the need for attractive packaging in industrial solutions. Overall, the market is expected to show strong growth over the forecast period. However, recycling remains one of the main trends observed in the industry.

Although paper products are biodegradable, the process has been determined to be inconsistent in landfills due to the presence of external elements. The impact of the landfill is attracting the attention of municipalities. Therefore, as there are no added artificial elements, governments and organizations are promoting the recycling of disposable landfills, and biodegradable packaging is highly recyclable.

The ability to use biodegradable materials in the packaging industry is increasing due to the growing demand for recyclable materials in end-use industries such as personal and home care, food and beverage, and pharmaceuticals. This phenomenon, in particular, is supported by growing consumer awareness of their interests. In particular, in the food packaging industry, biodegradable packaging materials have been widely used to promote green living around the world, essentially by reducing waste. Several regional and global regulations to reduce ecological damage from overflowing landfills provide an amazing incentive to adopt biodegradable packaging materials. In addition, in recent decades, continuous efforts to adopt sustainability in sustainable development have led to widespread demand for such packaging materials.

Biodegradable  packaging material types

Traditional packaging materials include paper, cardboard, plastic, metal, glass, wood, and other materials. Green packaging materials mainly refer to materials that have good use performance, or function, have little pollution to the ecological environment, are easily degradable, easy to recycle, have high recycling rates, or can be effectively recycled in the environment without causing harm to human bodies.

The biodegradable packaging market was valued at $3.97 billion in 2018 and is expected to reach a market value of $10.3 billion by 2024, with a CAGR of 17.04% during the forecast period from 2020 to 2024.

Biodegradable packaging has been widely used in the packaging industry because of its ecological friendliness. With the rising price of crude oil and issues related to petroleum-based plastics (such as disposal and effective waste management), the concept of using biodegradable plastics as an alternative to various applications such as FMCG, hospital, manufacturing is increasing, which is driving the development of the market.

The key point of green packaging is whether the packaging materials are reusable and degradable. Biodegradable materials such as bioplastics and paper are widely used in the packaging industry because of their sustainable properties, appearance, and properties.

Biodegradable packaging is different from traditional non-biodegradable packaging in terms of raw materials, production technology, applications, and composting. Biodegradable packaging materials are used for all levels of packaging, such as primary, secondary, and tertiary packaging

1.Driven by sustainable development

Degradable materials have less impact on the environment, meet the requirements of sustainable development, and can effectively solve problems such as environmental crises. Therefore, the demand is constantly growing, and biodegradable packaging products are increasingly used in various industries. Since most of the materials used in this package are natural and can be degraded without a catalyst, this package has a wide range of applications in the food and beverage industry.

plastic packaging

Many industries and governments have taken steps to reduce material waste and reduce their environmental impact. Companies such as Unilever and P & G have promised to switch to natural packaging solutions and reduce their ecological footprint (mainly carbon emissions) by 50%, which is one of the factors driving the use of biodegradable packaging in various industries. More and more innovations, such as automatic and smart packaging solutions in the industry, are being extended to end products.

vegetable packaging
 2. Consumer preference driven

One of the key factors contributing to the growth of this market is the consumer increasingly focus on environmentally friendly packaging. As consumers’ focus shifts to a healthier life, consumers are more inclined to choose environmentally friendly plastic bags and environmentally friendly food packaging bags, and their demand for natural, environmentally friendly and green products is also increasing. This shift in consumer behavior is forcing major plastics manufacturers and packaging manufacturers to continually explore the possibilities for the application of biodegradable polymer materials.

 3. Legal supervision

Because the solid waste formed by non-degradable packaging materials is very harmful to the environment, many countries (especially developed countries) have formulated strict regulations to reduce waste and promote the use of biodegradable packaging materials. It is reported that developed countries and regions in Europe, the United States, Japan, and other countries have successively formulated and introduced relevant regulations to restrict the use of non-degradable plastics through measures such as local bans, restrictions, compulsory collection, and collection of pollution taxes, and vigorously develop new biodegradable materials in order to protect the environment and the soil.

Among them, France introduced a policy in 2005: all disposable plastic bags must be biodegradable after 2010. Now that Cameroon has joined this camp, it can be seen that non-environment-friendly packaging materials will continue to run into obstacles in the future development market. Correspondingly, environmentally friendly packaging materials will usher in a golden period of development. These materials are usually made from renewable raw materials such as starch and cellulose. Biodegradable plastic can be decomposed into compounds by the enzymatic action of microorganisms, into CO2, methane, and water.

Market size and forecast of biodegradable packaging

Data show that in 2017, the size of biodegradable materials in the packaging market was 81.01 billion US dollars. The global packaging market’s demand for degradable plastics will reach 9.45 million tons in 2023, and the market size will reach 113.55 billion US dollars. In the forecast period (2018 (-2023), the compound annual growth rate is 5.9%.

The market for degradable plastic packaging is huge, and the demand for food packaging accounts for more than 70% of the market for degradable plastic packaging, which is self-evident. Relevant research also emphasizes the latest development trends. Under the new situation, “green packaging” will be more and more widely used in the logistics industry.

This requires logistics companies that provide packaging services to carry out green packaging transformation, including the use of environmentally friendly materials. Improve material utilization, design folding packaging to reduce empty load rate, establish a packaging reuse system, etc .; promote the production department to adopt packaging that is as simple as possible and made of degradable materials; in the circulation process, various measures should be taken realize the rationalization and modernization of packaging.

A previous IHS Markit report showed that the global market value of biodegradable plastics in 2018 was more than 1.1 billion US dollars, and the market value is expected to reach 1.7 billion US dollars by 2023. The report highlights the application of these biodegradable material solutions in various regions and industries.

Challenges of biodegradable packaging

At present, there are still some problems in the development and application of biodegradable polymers:

# Due to issues such as corporate interests, the popularity of degradable plastics is not smooth.

At present, China’s degradable plastics are still in the stage of publicity and promotion, and the degree of marketization is not high. However, the promotion and application of green packaging is not easy. In industries mandated by the state, such as disposable plastic cups, lunch boxes, cutlery and other daily plastic products in the catering industry, the proportion of using degradable plastics is relatively high, while in industry and agriculture, the use of degradable plastics is relatively low. . As Zhang Jindong, chairman of Suning Holdings Group, said during the two sessions this year, promoting green packaging in the logistics industry is a systematic project, from the use of green recycling products to the establishment of a packaging recycling system and the reduction of express packaging consumables. It requires not only the “marriage” of the government and enterprises, but also people’s deep-rooted green ideas in daily life.

#  In addition, the market price of degradable plastic is 2-3 times that of ordinary plastic products.

If it is successfully sold, the profit level is 10%, and the profit level of ordinary plastic is 1% -3%. Although the profit level is high, the current sales resistance of degradable plastics is relatively large. The first is higher costs, larger capital occupation, and poor acceptance of downstream companies. The second is that degradable plastics have a certain shelf life. Sales are not smooth, and the risk of loss for the company is greater.

# The degradability of the polymer

It will inevitably damage the durability of the product, and it will also reduce its mechanical properties to a certain extent, thereby limiting the application range of the biodegradable polymer.

As far as the results of current research and production technologies are concerned, it still takes a long time to make them universally available. The low cost of development, time-degrading, and highly efficient bioplastics is the main direction of future research in this field.

Nevertheless, it is encouraging to see that changes are taking place, and relevant companies and institutions are working hard to carry out innovative research and development and exploration, especially in the application of packaging materials, plastic films, medical materials, and other fields. A revolution with many bright spots around green packaging is ongoing


To sum up, in the long run, increasing domestic environmental awareness will broaden the use of degradable plastics; increasing demand for environmentally friendly materials abroad will increase exports of degradable plastics, and the maturity of degradable plastics production processes will drive costs.

Gradually reduced to the acceptable range for downstream. With the maturity of various conditions, due to its unique properties, the development prospects of biodegradable polymer materials are extremely broad. At the same time, it also plays a huge role in reducing environmental pollution and creating a pollution-free environment for human beings. In the future, the development and research of biodegradable polymer materials should mainly focus on the competing polymer varieties in terms of the basic properties, molding and processing properties, and price of polymers.

About PeimePac

At PrimePac, we bring together design experts and brand innovators to create fresh ideas, customized packages, and fully efficient processes.

We design creative packaging solutions that cater to a diverse global audience with the in-house knowledge and network of experienced professionals to meet the demands of every type of client.

From our dedicated sales team and warehouse staff in Australia to the experts at our production facilities in China, all of our employees are guided by four core values at the heart of our business: integrity, innovation, passion, and engagement.


With our team in China and Australia working as one, we reduce inefficiency so that you deal with one streamlined team from manufacturing right to delivery.

Service support team located in Guangzhou, the manufacturing hub of China, providing rapid response, and local industry knowledge. Warehouse and 3PL network located in Sydney, to provide rapid distribution, and delivery to your customers.

Eco-friendly packaging for cosmetics